Everything You Should Know About Migraine Headaches

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A migraine is an intense headache that often occurs with vomiting, nausea, and light sensitivity. Migraines may stay from 4 hours to 3 days and occasionally may last for a long time.

The American Migraine Foundation calculates that over 36 million people of the United States suffer from migraine headache (women are three times more often than men). 

Maximum people start experiencing this type of headaches between 10 and 40 ages.

Migraine Headaches

What Causes Migraine Headaches?

Migraine headaches are commonly known as migraine. 

Sometimes Doctors may not know the exact cause of migraine headaches, although they seem to be linked to the brain along with to genetic factor. 

You can even get migraine headaches triggers from weakness, lights sensitivity, weather changing, and others.

For many years, experts thought that migraines caused through the blood flow in the brain. 

Currently, many scientists believe that migraine headaches occur by the faults of brain passed down from your parents.

A migraine begins when hyperactive nerve cells send signals to the trigeminal nerve- the nerve that supplies sensitivity to your face and head. 

Releasing particular chemicals like calcitonin and serotonin gene-linked peptide (CGRP) causes blood vessels in the brain to swell. 

This neurochemicals releasing may occur inflammation and pain.

What Can Trigger Migraine Headaches?

Some of the common triggers of Migraine headaches can include:

When you become stressed, your brain releases chemicals like calcitonin and serotonin in your brains blood vessel that can occur to a migraine headache.

Particular foods and drinks, for example, old cheese, alcohol, and food flavors like in hot dogs, pepperoni, lunchmeats and monosodium glutamate (MSG) may occur up to 30% of migraine and headaches.

Read Also: Diet Mistakes: A List of Foods that Trigger Migraines and Headaches
Having too much or eliminating caffeine can cause headaches. Caffeine itself can be a treatment for severe migraine attacks.

Weather Changes:
Weather Changes, Storm or strong winds, or altitude changes can cause migraine headaches.
  • Having your period
  • Tiredness
  • Avoid meals
  • Sleep changes

Read Also: Migraine Forecast: Does Weather Effect on Your Migraine and Headache?


Are they Genetic?

Yes, migraine headaches may derive genetically. 4 out of 5 people may have other family members migraine headaches. 

If one parent has a history of headaches, their child has a 50% possibility of getting them, and if both parents have migraine headaches, the chance increases to 75%.

Which Condition Commonly accompanies Migraine Headaches?

A migraine headache often starts from dull pain and turns into severe pain. 
Most commonly, it gets worse during physical movement. 

Migraine pain can move from one side to the other side in your head, or feel like it is disturbing your entire head.

Some of the common symptoms of Migraine headaches can include:
  • Lights, noise, or smell sensitivity
  • Vomiting or nausea, belly pain, and upset stomach
  • Loss of craving
  • A warm or cold feeling
  • Pale skin
  • Tiredness
  • Diarrhea
  • Faintness
  • Blurred vision
  • Fever (This is occasional)

Maximum migraine headaches continue about 4 hours, but severe migraine can last more than three days. 

How often they happen differs for everyone; however, it’s common to get 2 to 4 headaches each month. 

Some people may suffer from migraine headaches every few days, whereas others get them 1 or 2 times every year.

What are the Different Types of Migraine Headaches?

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Two types of migraine headaches are most commonly referred to as the symptoms called an aura.
Migraine with aura is known as “classic” migraine
Migraine without aura is known as “common” migraine
An aura can start 1 hour before the pain and most commonly continues for 15 minutes to 1 hour. Visual auras include:
  • Bright flashing lights or dots
  • Blind spots
  • Unclear vision
  • Curvy or sharp lines
  • Momentary vision loss
Other auras can disturb your other senses. 
  • You might have a “funny feeling” and not be able to describe the feeling. 
  • You may have change in the smell, taste, or touch.
Other types of Migraine can include these Auras:

Hemiplegic Migraine:
A short time weakness or paralysis in a side of your body. You may feel short-term Dizziness, numbness, or vision changes. 

These symptoms may turn in stroke to you.  Get emergency medical help immediately if you feel these symptoms.

Ophthalmic Migraine:
Short-term, partial, or complete loss of vision in an eye, dull headache behind the left eye, or pain may spread to the other part of your head. 
Try to find emergency medical help for any visual trouble.

Migraine with Brainstem Aura:
Misperception, Dizziness, or loss of balance may occur before the headache and it may move the back of your head. 

Most commonly, these symptoms can start suddenly and may happen to vomit, speaking trouble, and ringing in the ears. 

This kind of migraine is deeply connected to hormone changes and mostly upsets young adult women. 

Again, these symptoms need to check out by a doctor immediately.

Read More: Chronic Silent Migraine: Causes, Treatments, and Medications
Status Migrainosus:
This exceptional but severe migraine can continue over 72 hours. 
The pain or vomiting is so powerful. 
Immediately you should go to the hospital. 
Occasionally medicines or treatment withdrawal can occur them.

Ophthalmoplegic Migraine:
It is like a Pain or numbness around your eye muscles. Ophthalmoplegic migraine is regarded as a medical emergency because these symptoms can also be happened by stress on the nerves behind your eye. Other symptoms are rare like the droopy eyelid, dual vision, or other vision changes.

What’s good for Migraine Headaches?

There’s no migraine headaches cure. 
But particular drugs can treat or even stop some of them. 
Common types of migraine cure guidelines include:

Read More: 15 New Migraine Treatment Ideas at Home: FDA Approved-2019
Pain Killer:
For some people over-the-counter (OTC) drugs often work well. 
The main ingredients are aspirin, acetaminophen, caffeine, and ibuprofen. 

Nobody (under the age of 19) should take aspirin with Reye’s disease. 
Sometimes, OTC pain medicines may cause migraine headaches. 

If you only depend on them, you can get bounce headaches. 
You should follow the prescription medicines suggested by your doctor.

Nausea Medicine:
Your GP can suggest it if you get nausea with your migraine.

Preventive Medicines:
If you don’t cure by other migraine treatments or you have migraine headaches 4 or more days a month, your doctor may prescribe these. 

Take them regularly to decrease the severity of migraine headaches. 

This may include seizure medicines, blood pressure medicines (like beta and calcium channel blockers), and some antidepressant medicines. 

CGRP inhibitors are a new type of preventive medicine that your doctor may suggest if others don’t help.

This method helps to identify your stressful situations that could trigger a migraine. 

If the headache comes slowly, biofeedback can stop the attack before it goes arises.

Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS):

Keep this device on the behind your head while starting migraine with aura. It sends a beat of magnetic energy to a part of your brain, which may decrease pain.

Can You Stop Migraines?

Read Also: 7 Effective Ways to get rid of Migraine Headaches at Home

Yes. You can prevent them less often when you recognize and avoid migraine triggers. 

Write your migraine symptoms in a diary so that you can discover what’s causing them.
Yoga and Stress management can help stop your attacks or make them less severe.
Women who get migraine headaches about their periods can take preventive drugs when they know it’s that time of the month.
People also may have fewer migraine symptoms when they eat regularly on schedule and get enough rest. 
Moderate regular exercise can also help them preventing migraine headaches.